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substitute, and it is rich in natural antioxidants, which scavenge free radicals. It is rich in minerals like calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and iron; Vitamins A, B, and C; chlorophyll. In fact, levels of chaya leaf nutrients are two to threefold greater than any other land based leafy green vegetable.

 Our cultivated variety is called  Cnidoscolus Pohl ‘Riana’

                 

What is Chaya (Spinach Tree)

There are a lot of wild verities of Chaya but only four was

bred and cultivated for domestic use.  1. 'Estrella' . 2. 'Picuda’.  3. CChayamansa'. 4. Redonda ,in Guatemala                

We used horticultural techniques to join parts from 3 different variety Chaya plants to develop our variety,

Cnidoscolus Pohl ‘Riana’

Chaya is one of the richest sources of nutrients among all the leafy greens with high levels of protein, calcium, potassium, iron, and carotene. Although Chaya's main use, at least in its original area of domestication, was as a valued food source, chaya was and continues to be an important medicinal plant.

Chaya is rich in protein and often serves as a meat

We are developing and producing Chaya (Spinach Tree) in South Africa as a new horticultural crop for its miracle healing value and healthy food source. 

Chaya grows like a bush that can reach 3 meters tall and 2 meters wide, easy to grow and drought resistance.

The potential of Chaya for human food and health has a significant implication for the plant as a horticultural crop. Chaya plant has the potential to make a significant nutritional contribution to the vegetable diet as well, because of its high nutrient content. The development of chaya as a new horticultural crop would transcend the ethnic popularity and create a food market for the plant and its products.

 It is noteworthy that the chaya plant is drought resistant, which is of a particular value in areas with short seasonal rainfall and shortage of green vegetables. Growth of the plant is rapid and edible leaves and shoots could be produced within a short period (8 to 10 weeks).In the 5 years since we cultivated Chaya plants no pests and diseases are known to be of any significance in the cultivation.

 Chaya was and continues to be an important medicinal plant. Research show that Chaya provides enormous benefits to the human body, it improves blood circulation, regulates blood pressure, facilitates digestion, recovers vision, disinflame veins and haemorrhoids, combats constipation, helps in the expulsion of urine and breast milk , Lowers the level of cholesterol and uric acid, reduces weight, prevents cough, increases calcium in bones, decongests and disinfects the lungs, prevents anaemia, improves memory and brain functions, and fights arthritis and diabetes.  Chaya cures infections of the throat, diseases of the skin, teeth, gums and the tongue.  Children help them in the growth and development of bones and muscles, and women give them strength in the critical period of menstruation.

 Another delicious way to serve it is tea, which means that the infusion of Chaya leaves provides an instant recovery of energy with de-

stressing effects, its rich content of vitamin A, vitamin B, phosphorus, calcium, iron, protein and Minerals.  An infusion of Chaya leaves provides an instant recovery of energy in addition to the de-stressing effects.

Nutrition Value

%

Chaya

Spinach

 Protein

Crude fibre

Carbohydrates

Calcium

Phosphorus

Iron

Vitamin A

Vitamin B1

Ascorbic Acid

8.25

1.94

7.23

421.00

63.00

11.61

8.52

0.23

0.35

274.00

2.00

2.07

0.19

49.00

30.00

5.70

2.48

0.03

0.10

17.50

 Chaya contain much more iron, vitamin A, and other        nutrients than spinach or cabbage. For example: 100 grams of fresh leaves

Vitamin A (RAE)                                 Iron (mg)

Spinach      25                                            0.4

 Cabbage       5                                            0.5

 Moringa   378                                            6.7

 Chaya     1167                                            5.8

Chaya contains carotenoids that are converted to vitamin A when eaten. Vitamin A is essential to children's growth, cognitive development and immunity to disease. Vitamin A deficiency is common in developing countries and causes blindness to 250,000-500,000 children each year. Seventy percent of these children die within one year after losing their sight.

Chaya contains over twice the average nutritional value of spinach, and 6 times the amount of vitamin A-producing carotenoids found in spinach. Based on the NIH-recommended daily amount of Vitamin A and the vitamin A content in boiled spinach, the daily amount of vitamin A needed by a nursing mother can be provided by one-fourth cup of boiled Chaya.

A child under one year old requires one-fifth the daily amount of vitamin A required by a nursing mother, but there is no health risk from consuming excess Vitamin A that comes from eating green leafy vegetables such as Chaya.

Study was conducted by the Mexican National Institute of Nutrition. Another study conducted by Texas A&M University confirmed the anti-diabetic properties of Chaya. “

Back pain, kidney pain, kidney stones Diaz-Bolio and Le6n de Gutierrez 1974; Pulido Salas and Serralta Peraza 1993; Sanchez-Jimeneza nd Estrada-Lugo1 989; Zavala Ramos 1990 Biliousness, jaundice del Amo R. 1979; Diaz-Bolio and Le6n de Gutierrez 1974; Mendieta and del Amo R. 1981; Roys 1976

Blood purifier and circulation, heart diseaseArguetaV illamar 1994; Diaz-Bolio and Le6n de Gutierrez 1974;

Cholesterol Jensen 1997; Orellana 1987; Salazar Goroztieta 1991; Sanchez- Jimeneza nd Estrada-Lugo1 989

Boils, warts, pimples or other skin conditions: - Anderson (unpubl. data); Argueta Villamar 1994; Breedlove and ditions Laughlin 1993a,b; Diaz-Bolio and Le6n de Gutierrez 1974; alazarG oroztieta1 991; Sanchez-Jim6neza nd Estrada-Lugo 1989

Labor, retention of afterbirthdel Amo R. 1979; Roys 1976

Diabetes : Espinosa Salas 1985; Garcia, Sierra, and Balam 1996; Kuti and Torres 1996; Pulido Salas and Serralta Peraza 1993; Salazar Goroztieta 1991

Digestion stimulant, laxativeArgueta Villamar 1994; Calvino 1919; Diaz-Bolio and Leon Gutierrez 1974; Morton 1981; Orellana 1987; Sanchez-Jimenez and Estrada-Lugo 1989

Eye problems, vision enhancementAnderson Diaz-Bolio and Leon de Gutierrez 1974; Jensen 1997; Salazar Goroztieta 1991

Gum disease, toothache:  del Amo R. 1979; Mendieta and del Amo R. 1981; Roys 1976

Inflammation, haemorrhoids, , ulcers:  Dfaz-Bolio and Le6n de Guti6rrez1 974; Morton 1981; Orellana 1987; Pulido Salas and Serralta Peraza 1993; Roys 1976; Salazar Goroztieta1 991; Sanchez-Jimeneza nd Estrada-Lugo1 989

Muscular disorders, rheumatism, arthritis:  ArugetaV illamar1 994; Dfaz-Bolio and Le6n de Gutierrez1 974; Orellana1 987; SalazarG

oroztieta1 991; Sanchez-Jim6nez  and Estrada-Lugo 1989

Purgative, weight loss, diet: Jensen 1997; Osado 18th century

Stimulus for mother's milk:  Argueta Villamar 1994; Osado 18th century; Teran, Rasmussen and May Cauich 1998

Urinary troubles, diuretic:  Diaz-Bolio and Le6n de Gutierrez 1974; Garcia, Sierra, and Balam 1996; Morton 1981; Osado 18th century; Pulido Salas and Serralta Peraza 1993; Salazar Goroztieta 1991